Oil Wars: West Philippine Sea or South China Sea?

The Spratly Islands lie in an area thought to be rich in oil and gas. The region also has vital shipping routes


How Did Our Oil Get Under Their Sea?
As the escalating planet-wide wars for the last dwindling drops of the world’s oil proceed, one of the areas under growing dispute is the area the Philippine Government refers to as the West Philippine Sea, and China insists should be called the South China Sea. Other nearby countries like Indonesia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Brunei and Malaysia have dogs in that fight, too, with the U.S. lurking in the background. A recent CNAS (Center for a New American Security) study argued that ‘the South China Sea is an “epicenter” in terms of globalization and geopolitics, and it will determine whether the US can preserve its dominant role in the Asia-Pacific region.’ The root of the dispute is that the region contains vital shipping routes and is thought to hold as much as 213 billion barrels of oil.

That’s the background of this video report sent to us by longtime friend, EON Advisory Board Member and Philippine legislator Dr. Walden Bello. A BBC print report on the visit follows below.

KALAYAAN: Peace and Sovereignty Mission to the West Philippine Sea July 2011
To bolster the Philippine claim over its territories in the West Philippine Sea, Akbayan Representatives Walden Bello and Kaka Bag-ao led the first-ever civilian mission to Pag-asa Island, Municipality of Kalayaan in the Spratly Archipelago. Joining the team were Ifugao Rep. Teddy Baguilat, Eastern Samar Rep. Ben Evardone, Kalayaan Mayor Jun Bito-onon, Palawan Governor Baham Mitra, AFP Western Command Commander Maj. Gen. Juancho Sabban, and a group of journalists. The mission followed reports of China’s aggression against Filipino fishermen in the region, and reports of their attempt to construct infrastructure that would establish their dominance over Philippine territories.


South China Sea dispute: Philippine MPs visit Spratlys BBC

A group of Philippine politicians has visited a disputed island in the South China Sea, reigniting a row with China.

The politicians landed on Pagasa island, the only island in the Spratlys chain populated by Filipinos, and sang the national anthem with residents.

The island is also claimed by China, Taiwan and Vietnam as part of a wider dispute in the South China Sea.

China has already said that the politicians’ visit could harm relations between Beijing and Manila.

Landing on Pagasa island, congressman Walden Bello said the visit was a historic moment and declared the island “Philippine territory”.

Philippine congressman Walden Bello made a fiery speech on the island


“We come in peace, we support a diplomatic solution. But let there be no doubt in any foreign power’s mind that if they dare to eject us from Pagasa… Filipinos will not take that sitting down,” he said.

Before the trip, the Chinese embassy in Manila said it served no purpose “but to undermine peace and stability in the region and sabotage the China-Philippines relationship”.

The BBC’s Kate McGeown in Manila says that while the two countries’ governments are exchanging a war of words, the island’s residents are getting on with their lives.

Locals told reporters they often wave at their Chinese neighbours while out fishing, and even barter for cigarettes, our correspondent adds.

Handout from Kalayaan district government showing Pagasa island Pagasa has an airstrip, a small town hall and about 300 Filipinos

Pagasa, also known as Tithu island, lies about 480km (300 miles) west of the western Philippine province of Palawan.

Philippine legislator Walden Bello speaks at a press conference in Manila on July 18, 2011, to announce plans by lawmakers to make a special visit to the Spratly islands in order to assert the country’s claim to the outcroppings amid rising tensions with China over the area. Philippine congressman Walden Bello made a fiery speech on the island

It has an airstrip, a military base and a small town hall, and is occupied by about 60 civilians.

Tension in the South China Sea has been ramped up this year, with frequent spats and diplomatic rows – particularly between Vietnam and China.

The regional political bloc Asean (Association of South East Asian Nations) is currently meeting in Indonesia in a summit likely to be dominated by the South China Seas issue.

Asean diplomats on Wednesday said they had reached an agreement with China on new guidelines aimed at solving the dispute.

But analysts said the guidelines did nothing to solve the underlying tensions and did not tackle sovereignty issues directly.

The Spratly Islands lie in an area thought to be rich in oil and gas. The region also has vital shipping routes

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